Blog about code.

First things first, ensure that the code is HTML friendly. 
Your code might contain a lot of special characters (<, > etc). When put into HTML, the browser will interpret them as HTML elements and your blog entry will screw up. So, the first step is to strip your code of all special characters and write the HTML friendly version of those characters instead. You could just hack a macro for that in TextPad (like I had done) or your could use this excellent online utility, that I have just started using. Once you have done that you will have to switch on the code highlighter in your blog.

How do you switch on code highlighting in blogs written in blogger? 
  • Customize the template. Edit the HTML of the template (the exact steps for reaching the window that allows to change the template changes and generally is preceded by some sort of warning). But once you get there, stick this code just before the </head> 
 
<!-- Add-in CSS for syntax highlighting -->

<script src='http://syntaxhighlighter.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/Scripts/shCore.js' type='text/javascript'/>

<script src='http://syntaxhighlighter.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/Scripts/shBrushCpp.js' type='text/javascript'/>

<script src='http://syntaxhighlighter.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/Scripts/shBrushJava.js' type='text/javascript'/>

  • Stick the following code just before </body> 
 


  • Now proceed to save and move on. Search for the place in the admin console that allows you to add CSS. Stick this bit in. 
 
.dp-highlighter
{
 font-family: "Consolas", "Monaco", "Courier New", Courier, monospace;
 font-size: 12px;
 background-color: #E7E5DC;
 width: 99%;
 overflow: auto;
 margin: 18px 0 18px 0 !important;
 padding-top: 1px; /* adds a little border on top when controls are hidden */
}

/* clear styles */
.dp-highlighter ol,
.dp-highlighter ol li,
.dp-highlighter ol li span 
{
 margin: 0;
 padding: 0;
 border: none;
}

.dp-highlighter a,
.dp-highlighter a:hover
{
 background: none;
 border: none;
 padding: 0;
 margin: 0;
}

.dp-highlighter .bar
{
 padding-left: 45px;
}

.dp-highlighter.collapsed .bar,
.dp-highlighter.nogutter .bar
{
 padding-left: 0px;
}

.dp-highlighter ol
{
 list-style: decimal; /* for ie */
 background-color: #fff;
 margin: 0px 0px 1px 45px !important; /* 1px bottom margin seems to fix occasional Firefox scrolling */
 padding: 0px;
 color: #5C5C5C;
}

.dp-highlighter.nogutter ol,
.dp-highlighter.nogutter ol li
{
 list-style: none !important;
 margin-left: 0px !important;
}

.dp-highlighter ol li,
.dp-highlighter .columns div
{
 list-style: decimal-leading-zero; /* better look for others, override cascade from OL */
 list-style-position: outside !important;
 border-left: 3px solid #6CE26C;
 background-color: #F8F8F8;
 color: #5C5C5C;
 padding: 0 3px 0 10px !important;
 margin: 0 !important;
 line-height: 14px;
}

.dp-highlighter.nogutter ol li,
.dp-highlighter.nogutter .columns div
{
 border: 0;
}

.dp-highlighter .columns
{
 background-color: #F8F8F8;
 color: gray;
 overflow: hidden;
 width: 100%;
}

.dp-highlighter .columns div
{
 padding-bottom: 5px;
}

.dp-highlighter ol li.alt
{
 background-color: #FFF;
 color: inherit;
}

.dp-highlighter ol li span
{
 color: black;
 background-color: inherit;
}

/* Adjust some properties when collapsed */

.dp-highlighter.collapsed ol
{
 margin: 0px;
}

.dp-highlighter.collapsed ol li
{
 display: none;
}

/* Additional modifications when in print-view */

.dp-highlighter.printing
{
 border: none;
}

.dp-highlighter.printing .tools
{
 display: none !important;
}

.dp-highlighter.printing li
{
 display: list-item !important;
}

/* Styles for the tools */

.dp-highlighter .tools
{
 padding: 3px 8px 3px 10px;
 font: 9px Verdana, Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
 color: silver;
 background-color: #f8f8f8;
 padding-bottom: 10px;
 border-left: 3px solid #6CE26C;
}

.dp-highlighter.nogutter .tools
{
 border-left: 0;
}

.dp-highlighter.collapsed .tools
{
 border-bottom: 0;
}

.dp-highlighter .tools a
{
 font-size: 9px;
 color: #a0a0a0;
 background-color: inherit;
 text-decoration: none;
 margin-right: 10px;
}

.dp-highlighter .tools a:hover
{
 color: red;
 background-color: inherit;
 text-decoration: underline;
}

/* About dialog styles */

.dp-about { background-color: #fff; color: #333; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; }
.dp-about table { width: 100%; height: 100%; font-size: 11px; font-family: Tahoma, Verdana, Arial, sans-serif !important; }
.dp-about td { padding: 10px; vertical-align: top; }
.dp-about .copy { border-bottom: 1px solid #ACA899; height: 95%; }
.dp-about .title { color: red; background-color: inherit; font-weight: bold; }
.dp-about .para { margin: 0 0 4px 0; }
.dp-about .footer { background-color: #ECEADB; color: #333; border-top: 1px solid #fff; text-align: right; }
.dp-about .close { font-size: 11px; font-family: Tahoma, Verdana, Arial, sans-serif !important; background-color: #ECEADB; color: #333; width: 60px; height: 22px; }

/* Language specific styles */

.dp-highlighter .comment, .dp-highlighter .comments { color: #008200; background-color: inherit; }
.dp-highlighter .string { color: blue; background-color: inherit; }
.dp-highlighter .keyword { color: #069; font-weight: bold; background-color: inherit; }
.dp-highlighter .preprocessor { color: gray; background-color: inherit; }
  • Again, save and move on. 
  • Now, when you are writing your blog, just write your code the way you do the rest of the blog but sandwich them between two special tags.  
 
<pre class="java" name="code">System.out.println("Hello world."); 
</pre>



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